pyramids . at / Abusir

There are many villages named Abusir in Egypt, but one of it is famous a necropolis, a field with many famous pyramids and mastabas. It is part of the World Heritage Site Nr. 68 "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur", which contains also the pyramids of Giza, Saqqara, and Dahshur. To consider all these pyramid sites as parts of one big Necropolis, located near the capital of Old Egypt Memphis, is indeed justified. In fact, if the air is clear and not dusty, one can see from Abusir the Giza pyramids as well as those of Saqqara.

Panorama of the Abusir necropolis. In the background the Giza pyramids are visible. On the right, a plan of the Abusir necropolis.

Three big pyramids and the portal of one mastaba are visible from far away:

The pyramid of Neferirkare. The pyramid of Niuserre. The pyramid of Sahure. The mastaba of Ptah-shepses.


But, as visible on the map, there are far more interesting objects: In the South, there is the unfinished pyramid of Neferefre and some more small pyramids, in the North there is yet another unfinished pyramid and two Sun temples.

A look at the satellite picture of the Abusir necropolis shows also some common features of all great pyramids: The entry into the pyramid is located on the North side, on the East side there is a corresponding temple. From this temple, there is also a path toward the East down into the valley. In the ideal, this path ends in another temple in the valley.